The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)
Concluding observations on the second periodic report of China (13 June 2014) Symbol No. E/ C.12/CHN/CO/2
The Committee remains concerned about reports of the high rate of unemployment among persons belonging to ethnic minorities, especially Tibetans, Uighurs and Inner Mongolians, in part due to Han Chinese migration into minority areas.
The Committee is concerned about the situation of food insecurity in some of the poor rural areas, particularly in the western mountainous areas, and about the persistence of child malnutrition, mainly in rural areas and in the Tibet Autonomous Region. Despite the efforts made by the State party to strengthen food safety supervision, including through the adoption of the Food Safety Law, the Committee remains concerned about the shortcomings in the implementation of that Law.
The Committee is concerned that ethnic minorities continue to face severe restrictions in the realization of their right to take part in cultural life, including the right to use and teach minority languages, history and culture, as well as to practise their religion freely. Despite the measures adopted by the State party, the Committee is concerned about the restrictions faced by Tibetans and Uighurs, in particular regarding the restriction of education in the Tibetan and Uighur languages.