We understand that the vast quantity of information available through the United Nations can be overwhelming when searching for information on Tibet. This resource centre brings in one place all Tibet-related copies of original documents. This includes resolutions, recommendations, observations and opinions issued by the three pillars of the U.N Human Rights Protection System, and communications and reports by TCHRD which are not available anywhere else online. The three pillars are: The Special Procedures, the Treaty monitoring Bodies, and the Universal Periodic Review.
The Tibet Resource Centre Project was jointly monitored and executed by interns Roisin Bryne and Jordan Dorjee. Bryne is a student of BSc International Development and Food Policy at University College Cork, Ireland. Dorjee is a student of sociology at University of Waterloo, Canada.
The human rights treaty bodies are committees of independent experts that monitor implementation of the core international human rights treaties. Each State party to a treaty has an obligation to take steps to ensure that everyone in the State can enjoy the rights set out in the treaty. Currently, there are nine human rights international treaties, and one optional protocol, from which 10 treaty bodies have been established. The treaty bodies are composed of independent experts of recognized competence in human rights, who are nominated and elected for fixed renewable terms of four years by State parties. For more information on the Treaty Monitoring Bodies, click here.
The special procedures of the Human Rights Council are independent human rights experts with mandates to report and advise on human rights from a thematic or country-specific perspective. The system of Special Procedures is a central element of the United Nations human rights machinery and covers all human rights: civil, cultural, economic, political, and social. As of 1 August 2017, there are 44 thematic and 12 country mandates. (China/Tibet are not included as a country mandate). With the support of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), special procedures undertake country visits; act on individual cases and concerns of a broader, structural nature by sending communications to States and others in which they bring alleged violations or abuses to their attention; conduct thematic studies and convene expert consultations, contribute to the development of international human rights standards, engage in advocacy, raise public awareness, and provide advice for technical cooperation. Special procedures report annually to the Human Rights Council; the majority of the mandates also reports to the General Assembly. For more information on the Special Procedures, click here.
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations. The documents on which the reviews are based are: 1) information provided by the State under review, which can take the form of a “national report”; 2) information contained in the reports of independent human rights experts and groups, known as the Special Procedures, human rights treaty bodies, and other UN entities; 3) information from other stakeholders including national human rights institutions and non-governmental organizations. For more information on the UPR, click here.